To contribute towards the advancement and growth of
knowledge through research.
To create an avenue for knowledge dissemination for
scholars, educators and researchers.
To provide a reference platform for teaching,
learning and research.
To be among the world reputable open access Journals
of the 21st century.
To encourage innovative research.
Instruction to Authors:
Depending on the type of article and subject
covered, manuscripts should include the following:
A Title page containing:
1.1. Title: The title should be informative,
educative, and relatively precise.
1.2. Name(s) of author(s): The name(s) of author(s)
should be presented as: Last name (Surname) and
Initial for first and middle name(s) if applicable.
1.3. Author(s) address (affiliations /workplace):
Authorsí affiliations/workplace should be indicated
in this section.
1.4. Corresponding author: The name, e-mail and
postal address of the corresponding author should be
indicated for the purpose of correspondence.
This should be a brief summary of the paper. This
should be between 150 - 200 words; summarizing the
objective(s) of study, methodology, result(s) and
A list of 4 to 6 keywords. It is recommended that
the author(s) should avoid repeating the title.
This should set the stage for the content of the
paper. It should also indicate clearly the
background/ subject of paper, scope of the subject,
and the aim/objective(s) of study.
5. Materials and Methods
Each section may be written under subtitles. For
human studies, ethical permission/informed consent
are required. Study area, population, sample
size/collection method and study duration must be
clearly stated. For animal studies, relevant ethical
permission is also required. The source of
chemicals, drugs, food and route of administration (PO,
IV, IP, ICV) should be given clearly. In
addition, the basis of dosage calculation, sex,
strain and weight of animals (e.g. Male Wistar rats;
150 -200g) and housing and feeding conditions should
be briefly described.
Techniques which have been previously described
should be mentioned concisely with proper
references. Newly introduced techniques/modification
of standard procedures must be described in detail
to make the study reproducible. Computational
methods employed for data analysis should be given
sufficient detail to enable readers reproduce the
The result should be reported in simple and complete
sentences. Abbreviations and acronyms should be used
appropriately. Tables might be used to accomplish
concisepresentation of results. Where the result
cannot be given satisfactorily in words, concise
table should be employed. The number (Arabic
numerals) and legends should be at the top of the
table and should be in the text at appropriate place
(not at the end or as separate attachment). Units
should be placed next to variables in parentheses.
Figures should be clear, easy to read and of good
quality. It should be in the text at appropriate
place (not at the end or as separate attachment).
The number and title should be below the figure and
Styles and font size should match those in the main
body of the article. Units should be placed next to
variables in parentheses. *Where table(s) and
figure(s) do not belong to author(s), appropriate
citation(s) should be included.
The discussion section should clearly discuss the
result with facts supporting or not supporting
author(s) findings. Repetition of results in the
section should be avoided. Sentences should be
simple and complete.
8. Conclusion / Recommendation
This should be the summary of the important
findings. Suggestions (recommendations) may be
presented with reference to the findings of the
The acknowledgments of people, grants, funds etc.
should be briefly represented. It should be at the
end of the paper, not in a footnote.
The references should be cited in the text by
authorís name and date.
[e.g.: Where the
author is single: Nwaopara (2011) or (Nwaopara,
2011). Where there are two authors (Nwaopara and
Akpamu, 2011) or more than two authors: (Nwaopara et
list of references containing full details of
authors surname and initials should be in an
alphabetical order as follows:
11. Author(s) contributions
Author(s) contributions should be briefly stated in
12. Submission formats
Manuscripts should be submitted in MS Word.
manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that
the text, tables, and figures are included in a
single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Times New
Roman or Arial font).
13. Review process
All manuscripts will be peer reviewed to ensure
accuracy and relevance after being reviewed by the
editor and members of the editorial board. Decisions
will be made as rapidly as possible.
We will look forward to the
submission of your next manuscript